References for research paper apa

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Formatting a Page APA provides writers with a consistent format they can use every time they write. All APA-formatted papers — from the papers you turn in for class to papers published in journals — contain most, if not all, of the following parts, always in the same order: Title page Abstract Introduction Review of the literature Methods Results Discussion Conclusion References While you might not include all nine parts in academic papers, you still use a majority of these sections to order and present your ideas.

How to alphabetize your print sources

Protect yourself from suspicion or allegation of plagiarism by using the APA citation basics below: In-text citations, when used in a paper and on the References page, should always match. If no author is named, the title of the work should come first. In-text citations should be used anytime you use information from a source, even if you paraphrase or summarize it in your own words.

Direct quotations are a special case. Anytime you take three or more consecutive words from a source, put quotation marks around those words and add the in-text citation and page number. Audra Spicer. Comments 5 Why it is important for a business person to know how to use APA style? I would greatly appreciate the help. Thank you. When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.


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In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper in APA, a parenthetical citation , a corresponding entry must be included in the reference list. APA American Psychological Association is the style the formatting style most used to cite sources within the social sciences and in several other academic disciplines.

In research papers, in-text citations are most commonly used in the Introduction and Results sections. This resource provides detailed guidelines for citing sources in your paper and includes examples of in-text citation for reference by research authors.

Quick Answers—References

When referring to external work or referencing an entire work but not directly quoting the material, you only need to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your citation. The results of the first enzyme study Chen et al. If you have referred to the author of the work in the sentence or earlier in the paragraph, you only need to include the year of publication in the citation.

APA style requires authors to use past tense or present perfect tense NOT present tense when using signal phrases to refer to or discuss previous research.

When referring to a specific work or works, place the citation publication date only directly after the author of the study referenced. Klinge and Rogers found that mirroring is instrumental in developments of performative gender roles. When giving information that reflects the results or implications of previous work, place the citation author and publication date at the end of the sentence. Mirroring has been found to be instrumental in the development of performative gender roles Klinge and Rogers, Kazinsky, Include the page number in parentheses at the end of the quoted text.

Note that the quotation marks surround the text only, and not the parenthetical citation. Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row.

How to Reference Journal Articles in APA Format

Long quotes should be placed in a separate block of lines without quotation marks , similar to creating a new paragraph. Begin the quotation on a new line and indent 0. Type the entire quotation within these new margins and using double-spacing. Include the parenthetical citation after the final punctuation mark.

This tendency could be attributed to either a misunderstanding of correct methodology or to a feeling of freedom to explore different approaches that the researchers have yet to employ. Encyclopedia of film. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Smith, S. Ethical issues in home health care. Springfield, IL: Charles C.

When there are eight or more authors, list the first 6 as above, insert three elipses Jones, R. Optimizing personal influence. Saracho, N.

Related Topics

Contemporary perspectives on social learning in early childhood education. American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. Collier's encyclopedia yearbook. New York, NY: P. Hilton C.


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  • Buley Library. Today's Hours:. Page Content Creating a Reference List. Listing Authors in a Reference List. Getting More Help. Getting More Help There are some great guides and services out there to help you format your citations.